Over the past year and a half, we’ve hosted two campus workshops on team-based learning, also called TBL. Bill Roberson of the University at Albany does a great job on getting your buy-in on the method, and many folks, including one entire department, have implemented it extensively at UTC. TBL is much more than “group work”; it is a strategy on which you plan your entire course. There are four essential components of TBL: formation of permanent student groups, student accountability, instructor feedback, and assignment design. To be able to use this approach, your course content needs to be chunked, that is, formed into 5 to 6 modules that take a few class sessions to work through.
For each module in a course, the instructor takes the students through the three TBL phases. The first phase involves giving individual study assignments such as a readings or online lectures that students do before class (sound familiar – flipped classroom?). The second phase starts with students coming to class and taking an individual quiz, which is called an Individual Readiness Assurance Test or I-RAT, and turning it into the instructor. Without knowing how they did on the quiz, they then take a group quiz (Group Readiness Assurance Test or G-RAT) which is the same quiz they took as an individual. During the G-RAT, students hold each other accountability for having completed the pre-work (this may not happen immediately, but will in time). Once the correct answers are made known, teams can appeal quiz questions if they feel they were worded poorly or have more than one correct answer, for example. Appeals must be submitted in writing and are signed off by the entire team. Next, the G-RATs are turned in and the instructor quickly reviews them to see what students need to know more about. What are the groups missing – what are the gaps in their knowledge or understanding? This process leads to a mini-lecture only on that material that is needed by students. Whew, that’s the end of phase 2.
Now phase 3 is the application of the course material through team-based application exercises. This involves exercises that take 30 minutes or up to a couple of class sessions. Much like the flipped classroom approach, students become engaged in the content by applying their knowledge. Ideally, these exercises involve student groups all working on the same problem and reporting simultaneously in class – this gets their competitive juices flowing. Once the applications are completed, then it’s back to phase one with the next module!
Want to know more about team-based learning? Contact us for a individual session or check out our spring seminar schedule.
Team-Based Learning Collaborative. (2013). Getting started. Retrieved from http://www.teambasedlearning.org/starting.
Florida State University. (n.d.). Team-based learning. Retrieved from http://distance.fsu.edu/instructors/team-based-learning.