UTC Students Speak Out About Online Access Codes

By: Megan Montgomery

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn (UTC/The Loop) — The times of technology are advancing and so are the prices of online websites used in the classroom. In addition to the price of textbooks, students are now asked to buy online access codes for some classes in order to do homework and other activities.

PasswordThe biggest problem facing students is the hefty price of an access code in addition to a textbook. Forty-two percent of students in a class requiring online access are asked to purchase a textbook as well, according to a survey recently conducted.

One professor at UTC says that she was unaware of the initial price of the online access code when it was first required for her students. She has seen more effective learning with the additional practice outside of the classroom and considers the online work a necessity.

Sophomore Alexis Scott says she likes online work because it shows you the correct answer right away, unlike having to wait on a test to see what you need to work on.

Freshman, Jenna Stewart uses a website to complete work for her Spanish class. She says, “The answers are really obscure and way too specific so I end up missing the questions.”

Stewart doesn’t believe the material is worth her money because she learns more from the lecture and the book.

This isn’t a problem faced only by students at UTC. University of Maine student Luke Thomas took to the internet when he and his fiance at the time were both forced to buy a $150 bundle for an English class. They attempted to share a book and access code, but the code, which could only be purchased in addition to the textbook, was essential to participation in the class discussion.

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UTC offers direct access to buying textbooks online through the Barnes and Noble campus bookstore

The situation presented by textbook providers is that access codes are very rarely offered separately from a textbook, forcing students to spend the extra buck. This process makes the value of textbooks near to nothing because bookstores are unwilling to buy back a book that can only be sold with an access code.

This extra investment in online access only lasts a limited amount of time. In the survey conducted, only six percent of students have been able to use an access code for longer than two semesters.

College is stressful time without extensive financial burdens. One student suggests that online access only be mandatory if it is used extensively in the classroom not just for additional exercises. Another student suggests that the purchase of students’ online access be included in the technology fee of tuition.

Online codes and website access are a fairly new concept in the classroom. One way to help prepare for the price is to make sure you are getting a good deal on the other textbooks you purchase.

One blogger took the time to analyze the prices of the average price of textbooks at leading bookstores and compare their prices as well as include tips on how to buy smart on ExtraBux.com.

Textbook average prices from store to store according to ExtraBux.com

 

For more information about buying textbooks cheaper and more efficiently, check out some other students’ research:

1. “UTC student are going broke due to textbook prices” by Taylor Ellis

2. “How Do Teachers Choose Textbooks: A Guide for UTC Students” by Rose Street

3. “Bookstore Buybacks: Things You Need To Know About The UTC Bookstore” by Arielle Henson

4. “Students pay for textbooks they don’t use” by Kami Rowe

Click Here to Take the Survey!

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How Do Teachers Choose Textbooks: A Guide for UTC Students

By Rose Street

Chattanooga, TENN. (UTC/The Loop) – The issue of textbooks is a controversial one, and money is always at the forefront of the conversation. But, a question that is rarely asked is, “How do teachers choose their class’s textbooks anyway?” This will hopefully be a little insight into how.

Chemistry Teacher with Students in Class

So, the first question we need to ask is, “How do teachers get access to multiple books at a time?” According to one Brigham Young University professor, there exist textbook publishers who send several texts to teachers, and they read through all of them to determine which would be best for you, the student.

UTC professor, Michael Andrews of the Communication Department, says that he relies on “intellect and gut” when choosing textbooks for his classes. He continues on to say that there are many questions that he considers when choosing a textbook, like “Does the book communicate out the material well?” and “Does it offer enough material, like exercises and suggested tests, that I can draw off of that there is a variety?”

Based on the questions above, I have provided a bulleted list from the Brigham Young University question and answer blog “Dear Professor, Dear Student.” Below are eight questions from that blog that a professor might ask when choosing a textbook:

  1. Does the book’s content match well with the learning objectives for the course?
  2. Is the book’s presentation style consistent with how I think students would most consistently learn?
  3. Do the problems in each chapter provide good learning experiences for the students?
  4. Do students like the presentation in the textbook (layout, figures, etc.)? Is the book engaging?
  5. Is the textbook reasonably free from typographical and other errors?
  6. Is the cost reasonable?
  7. Do other professors like the textbook as well?
  8. Does the publisher use a reasonable time frame between new editions?

If this list doesn’t help, there are many checklists online that could, like the one here.

Now, teachers do rely on different criteria based on the specificity of their classes, like a foreign language class or a math class. But, there are certain criteria that many professors agree upon.stack460The article “Planning a Course: Choosing and Using Instructional Materials” discusses several advantages and disadvantages to using a textbook. The most obvious advantage is that textbooks, when used properly, can aid in learning, and just like Professor Andrews said before, they can provide materials to help the teacher teach the students.

The video below shows a professor validating the use of textbooks.

But, there are some disadvantages. The first is that books are not interactive, and the second is that textbooks are usually thick, which can overwhelm students. Another disadvantage is that textbooks rely on dated information, and do not adapt as rapidly as modern technology, like computers.

After teachers choose the textbooks and put in their orders, that is where their involvement ends. Now, it is up to each student to choose whether or not they want to buy the textbook. I know from personal experience that sometimes I cannot afford to buy textbooks from the UTC bookstore, and I am sure that many other students have this problem.

There are a few articles that may help students in deciding whether or not to use textbooks or to be financially able to buy the textbooks that you need. Check out “Students Pay for Textbooks They Don’t Use,”The Budget Savvy UTC Student,” and “Affordable College Textbook Act Seeks to Ease Students’ Financial Burden.”

What do you think? Should professors require textbooks for their classes? Give your thoughts here.

I hope this was helpful in giving some insight into what teachers go through when choosing textbooks for their students. If you want to check out more articles concerning the issue of textbooks, check out the Communication Department blog, The Loop.

 

 

 

 

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Bookstore Buyback: Things You Need To Know About The UTC Bookstore

By Arielle Henson

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn.(UTC/The Loop) — UTC Bookstore return policy is less than beneficial for many students on campus.

It’s no secret that bookstores are the busiest places on campuses during buyback times. Whether it is the first week of school or the last week of school, it is a place many students try to avoid during buyback times.

“ The line is always so long. Even on the last day,” said Bre Smith, Junior, Murfreesboro.“We are all still recovering from the semester and finals and still finding all our books. Another week could shorten the lines and allow students the opportunity to return more items.”

Not only are the lines long, but the frustration grows as each day passes that a student cannot return a book for full refund. Many students are not able to predict what books will be used or not when purchasing their required books for class.

“Some teachers such as humanities teachers only use the book for a week or so then move on. It would be beneficial for students that don’t have the money for a full payment of a book to return the book for the whole semester,” said Piper Phillips, Junior, Knoxville.

The following graph is a little insight on the amount of books bought by surveyed UTC students and the actual amount used by those same surveyed students. This graphic proves that of the 15 people who took the survey 100% only use a small percentage of the actual amount of books they purchase.

Screen shot 2014-04-16 at 12.55.33 PMScreen shot 2014-04-16 at 12.55.21 PM

Some students have reasonable assumptions as to why students are only allowed to return books during a week’s time. When asked why the survey respondents think there is only a one week window for full return price, one student, Shelby Glisson a sophomore from Lebanon, said, “The bookstore knows many professors do not use the books, but if they allowed more time they would lose an extensive amount of money.”

Many bookstores have begun to urge students not to purchase a book for full price, but to instead rent the book for half the original price. While the book cannot be returned for profit, in the end, the amount of money spent is substantially less.

Barnes & Noble has a list of case studies on their website to provide students with many answers to their questions as far as rentals are concerned. Some results they have produced are that a college campus, Adelphi, saved over $250,000 in an academic year due to switching to a rental process.

According to NACS OnCampus Research, the UTC bookstore is among one of 3,000 bookstores that offer a rental program for students. The rental program cuts up to 50% off of book prices for students who are not able to afford the full price of a book.

The following video describes some of the concerns students have surrounding return policies. It also answers many questions students may have about their school bookstore policies.

If you have other questions regarding the bookstore return policy visit the UTC bookstore website or visit the following links:

Also, if you would like to take the student survey to provide more information and feedback on your buyback experience, Click here.

 

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Affordable College Textbook Act Seeks to Ease Students’ Financial Burdens

By Andrew Carney

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. (UTC/The Loop) – UTC students rejoice upon hearing about a bill that could provide them with free textbooks.

SPARC, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, explains that the Affordable College Textbook Act (S.1704/H.R.3538) “will reduce the cost of textbooks at U.S. colleges and universities by expanding the use of open textbooks (and other open educational resources) that everyone can use, adapt and share freely.”

This fact sheet offered by SPARC details what benefits the Affordable College Textbook Act will offer to students, teachers, and universities:

  1. Creates a grant program to support pilot programs at colleges and universities to create and
    expand the use of open textbooks with priority for those programs that will achieve the
    highest savings for students.
  2. Ensures that any open textbooks or educational materials created using program funds will be
    freely and easily accessible to the public.
  3. Requires entities who receive funds to complete a report on the effectiveness of the program
    in achieving savings for students.
  4. Improves existing requirements for publishers to make all textbooks and other educational
    materials available for sale individually rather than as a bundle.
  5. Requires the Government Accountability Office to provide an updated report on the price
    trends of college textbooks to Congress by 2017.

The Affordable College Textbook Act was introduced in the U.S. Senate in November 14 of last year by Senators Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) and Al Franken (D-Minn.). Senator Durbin has previously worked in his state to lower the cost of textbooks for students. In his press release, Durbin mentions, “Over three years ago, I worked to secure funding for the University of Illinois to complete an open textbook project.”

Senator Durbin’s efforts led to the release of a textbook, Sustainability: A Comprehensive Foundation, which has been used at Illinois University campuses. This textbook is part of a “Massive Open Online Course” that Durbin says has been used by at least 60,000 students and the University has been contacted by other colleges about using it.

Had you heard about the Affordable College Textbook Act before this?

The previous successes of Senator Durbin will be expanded upon by this bill, by making future textbooks like it available. Senator Franken was happy to support the bill after seeing the success of Durbin’s prior efforts. He said in the press release, “In the fight to make college more affordable and accessible for Minnesota families we can’t overlook the rising costs of textbooks,” said Franken. “I’m proud to introduce this bill with Senator Durbin because it will help provide cheaper alternatives to traditional textbooks and keep more money in students’ pockets where it belongs.”

This bill expands upon the 2008 Higher Education Opportunity Act, which sought to provide students with more information about college textbook costs. Senator Durbin’s press release explains that the law “required textbook publishers to disclose to faculty the cost of a textbooks to their students, required schools to publish textbook information in course catalogues when practicable, and required publishers to offer unbundled supplemental materials so students had choices.”  The provisions of this law took effect on July 1, 2010 and are still in effect.

Even with students receiving extra information from publishers, a 2013 GAO report released information that textbook prices are continuing to rise. Despite the Higher Education Opportunity Act requiring more information be provided to students through compliance of the publishers, it does not mandate a limit on the amount that a textbook can cost. This has translated to an increase in the already $30 billion industry and strains students further.

Credit: Jon Sall

Senators Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) and Al Franken (D-Minn.) introduced the Affordable College Textbook Act in October 2013

 The Affordable College Textbook Act does not intend to set limits on the price structure of textbooks released by publishers, but it does intend to provide more open source resources to students, which will create more pressure on textbook publishers to remain competitive in pricing and offer reasons to choose their textbooks over otherwise free ones. U.S. PIRG Higher Education Associate Ethan Senack praises Durbin and Franken for the bill, and said that “for students, the cost-saving potential of open textbooks is massive – around 80-100% compared to published textbooks”, which will lead to a better education for students. U.S. PIRG found that “seven of ten current college students have skipped buying a textbook because it was too expensive”, a concerning figure which this bill hopes to alleviate.

The Affordable College Textbook Act was assigned to a Congressional committee on November 19, who will consider the bill before sending it to a vote in the Senate. To follow along with the progress of the bill, visit its page on Congress.gov. Govtrack.us, a site that monitors government bills, gives more information about the bill’s progress, and offers it a grim prognosis of passing committee with a 1% pass rate. It references that “only 11% of bills made it past committee and only about 3% were enacted in 2011–2013.”

Students interested in seeing this bill progress further in Congress should express this to their local legislators and assist in raising awareness about it as it is examined by a Congressional committee. This will show Congress that mandates are important to providing students with assistance in easing their financial burdens in the face of continually rising educational costs. They can also visit http://www.congressweb.com/sparc/23 to take action.

For other coverage about the textbook industry and issues students encounter with them, visit these other links:

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Students pay for textbooks they don’t use

By: Kami Rowe

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. – (UTC The Loop) For students who want to further their education, it’s going to cost an arm and a leg. The price of a college education is rising and students are starting to feel their pockets growing thinner.

On top of paying for classes, a decent meal plan, and those “additional fees”, students are faced with the extreme cost of textbooks. The price of textbooks has increased over the years, and students are finding ways to avoid them.

UTC students are spending between $200 and $400 for textbooks each semester. The average cost of textbooks in the U.S. per semester can be about $600, a pretty penny for something you’ll only use once. 

textbook$

Where does the textbook dollar go?

  1. 77.9 cents – textbook wholesale cost
  2. 11 cents – bookstore personnel
  3. 2.7 cents – bookstore income
  4. 7.4 cents – bookstore operations
  5. 1 cent – freight expense

A survey taken by college students showed that most students are opting out of purchasing textbooks from the campus bookstore and purchasing them on Amazon, Chegg, and other book retailers.

These sources have books for much cheaper and can help cut costs by 40 percent or more. Although you can get the books for a discounted price, many students find that they hardly use the textbook during the semester.

Preston Coyle, a junior from Franklin, Tenn. said, “I have bought way too many books that I’ve never even picked up.”

A survey has shown that 40 percent of students use their book only a couple times throughout the semester and that 20 percent have never used the book they purchased.

Graph 1

To avoid buying “required textbooks” that go unused, students are using websites like Facebook and Rate My Professor to compare with other students. Coyle says that he likes to ask people who have already taken the course before he buys a book.

A downside to purchasing textbooks that go unused is the loss of money. Although you can sell the textbook back, you will not get a full refund for it.

help me I'm poor

Courtney Windrow, a junior at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, says that the cost of textbooks isn’t any better there. “I always buy the required textbooks, but it’s the worst when they’re written by that professor. I feel like they require it just to make money, even if we never use it.”

Professors make royalties from the sale of the textbooks they wrote or helped write. It’s becoming an easy way for teachers to make a quick buck at the student’s expense.

The textbook prices are something that all students will have to deal with throughout their college career, but there are ways to save money and make sure that you will actually use the book. Students can communicate on social media to compare prices to make sure they are getting the most bang for their buck.

How often do you use the textbooks for a class? Let us know and Click here to take survey

For more information about college textbook costs click here:

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The Budget Savvy UTC Student

By: Charnele L. Box

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn (UTC/The Loop) – Higher education can be quite expensive these days, but could books equate to the same cost? With the rising cost of tuition each school term you would think textbooks are included; but they’re not. For students at UTC tuition and fees for the 2013-2014 academic year were $7,654 for both terms and books were estimated at a whopping $1400.

Attractive Woman with Her BooksTo downsize the cost of textbooks, the UTC bookstore, which is a Barnes and Noble affiliate, have textbook rentals available for students depending on the book choice. From personal experience, I have rented about 5 to 7 books throughout my entire collegiate experience.

Most textbook companies, publishers, and authors put out new editions every year or two. This can become a burden on students because the differences from the first and second edition of the textbook are fewer words or updated laws.

On occasion, authors may take away from the previous edition. Sometimes they will remove questions if it’s a math or science course, or even add to it. Since most of my course textbooks were not available for rental, I found another way to save money.

During the search for textbooks, I found free files of textbooks or file sharing to be a money saver. Depending on the class or subject, some textbooks may be available online in PDF form for FREE! Although you have various money saving textbooks sites like amazon, ebay, and half.com; I still came out cheaper by file sharing. art23883widea

According to USNEWS.COM, there are several ways to save money on textbooks.

1. Buy used textbooks

2. Buy E-books

3. Rent

4. Apply for textbook specific scholarships

5. Research

6. Book Swap

Using the above tools will help any budget savvy student save money on extremely expensive textbooks throughout their college years.  Although there are other sources such as amazon, ebay, half.com, and chegg; you still may have a better buy by utilizing free textbooks online or file sharing.

Christina Maximos, a UTC junior, stated she saved about $80 on textbooks in a literature course she took in the fall semester. “If I did not weigh other options, I would’ve spent $300 on textbooks instead of $150″ said Maximos.

Some UTC professors can relate to the high cost of textbooks and usually make it easier on the student by not requiring a book or putting books on reserve in the library. By opting to use the textbook(s) on reserve in the library, you can save big bucks.

3028855-poster-p-1-3028855why-cant-e-books-disrupt-the-lucrative-college-textbook-businessAt the Lupton Library, you can utilize the materials in three hour intervals before you have to re-check them out again. The Lupton Library also offers interlibrary loans. Using the Interlibrary Loan program can help budget savvy students. Did I mention it’s a FREE service!

The Interlibrary Loans allow UTC students, staff, and faculty to obtain books or copies of certain items that the UTC library does not have. There are many different types of materials that can be requested via the Lupton Library site, including books, articles, and even certain chapters of a book. Although it is difficult to get a course textbook from the Interlibrary Loan program because of the short-term loans, this resource would be great for English, Education, or Literature majors or minors.

Even though it may seem that students do not get a break when it comes to purchasing textbooks, not to mention the rising cost of tuition; using the above resources and more could save you large amounts of money.

Would you consider free textbook filing?  Click here to answer.

More stories talking about this:

* Affordable College Textbook Act Seeks to Ease Students’ Financial Burdens

* Students pay for textbooks they don’t use

* Heavy Problems for Chattanooga’s Young and Old

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4 Women, 4 Strings

By: Charnele L. Box

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn (UTC The Loop)- The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga’s music department is known for having great musical events. This year the music department is will present the Marian Anderson String Quartet to the Chattanooga community, February 20 – 22.

In the fall of 1989, members of the Marian Anderson String Quartet, then known as the Chaminade Quartet joined forces to accomplish more than they ever dreamed. The Marian Anderson String Quartet has won major classical competitions and performed at the White House during a Presidential Inauguration.

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(top to bottom- Prudence McDaniel, Diedra Lawrence
Marianne Henry, Nicole Cherry)

The Marian Anderson String Quartet Residency project was initiated by Dr. Jonathan B. McNair, Coordinator of Theory and Composition at UTC, as part of an effort to raise public awareness of the contributions to concert (classical) music by African American and other minority performing artists and composers.

“I became interested in bringing acclaimed African American classical music composers and performers to Chattanooga a few years ago. I had purchased a collection of music by Black composers, and liked some of the music very much,”  said McNair.

The four women are passionate about their musical art. They will perform a concert for the public, work with local music students, of high school and collegiate levels, conduct a workshop for young composers from around the Southeast, and participate in a public panel discussion.

The MASQ will visit Orchard Knob Elementary school on Thursday Feb. 20 in the morning, and Center for Creative Arts high school Thursday afternoon Feb 20.

“I hope to bring other highly skilled minority artist to campus in coming years, such as the Ritz Chamber Players, and/or the Imani Winds, or fine solo artists who I’ve come across online. If this MASQ program is successful, which I believe it will be, then we have a foundation to build on for the future,” he continued.

Each member of the ensemble is trained at top conservatories and universities such as Julliard School of Music, the Manhattan School of Music, and Shepherd School of Music.The women of the string quarter have a strong commitment to music education, and established a community music school in their home base of Bryan, Texas, as well as string quartet music camps in the Southwest and the Virgin Islands.

Sources: UTC Music Department and Marian Anderson Quartet Sites

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Gamma Phi Beta UTC House Coming August 2014

By Rose Street

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. (UTC The Loop) – Home, Sweet, Home! The Eta Kappa Chapter of Gamma Phi Beta has a house!

It was announced that Gamma Phi Beta, a recent addition to the Panhellenic sororities at The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, had received a house.

Collegiate Leadership Counselor Maddy Schroeder could not share any news about current negotiations regarding the house or its location, but she is “very excited about the housing prospects in Chattanooga!”

Two Gamma Phi Beta Sisters

Two Gamma Phi Beta Sisters

UTC Sophomore Andrea Kulezs who joined Gamma Phi Beta in the fall of 2013 shared her hopes for the house, “I think it will make us closer as a sorority because we will be able to hang out with each othermore in a safer environment instead of going here and there and everywhere to meet.”

UTC Junior  and Gamma Phi Beta member Whitney Johnson said that the house is partially funded by the dues paid by the sororities members, and that it is on track to be open by August 2014.

The Eta Kappa Chapter of Gamma Phi Beta was founded in the fall of 2013 at UTC. For more information about Gamma Phi Beta’s arrival, visit the Times Free Press.

Other Panhellenic Council Chapters on UTC’s campus include:

  • Alpha Delta Pi
  • Chi Omega
  • Delta Zeta
  • Kappa Delta
  • Sigma Kappa

Further information about the house will be provided when it becomes available. If you are interested in joining the Gamma Phi Beta sorority or just learning more about it, go to UTC’s Gamma Phi Beta homepage.

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Come See UTC’s Play “No Exit” and Get A Taste Of Hell

By: Kelli Findlay

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn (UTC/The Loop) — UTC’s new play “No Exit” premieres February 11th-17th.

UTC’s play “No Exit” premieres Feb. 11th at 7:30. “No Exit” was written in 1944 by French philosopher and playwright Jean-Paul Sartre. Students can purchase tickets here.

Original No Exit Cover by Google Images

Original No Exit Cover by Google Images

“It is the story of three people trapped together for eternity. Hell is this room that they cannot escape and they’re trying to survive and figure out who they are based on people who are strangers to them,” explains Gaye Jeffers, associate professor of theatre and the director of the play.

“I don’t want to give too much away, but the design choices that we’re making are going to be surprising for some people,” says Jeffers. “The use of lights is going to be impactful and unexpected. In most theater productions, you only see the theater lights focus on the actors on the stage. We’re kind of using lights to focus on other parts of the theater as well. It will be kind of an event where the audience will be involved in a way that they might not normally be involved. There are some surprises I don’t want to give away what will be thematically important and will make the audience physically feel something instead of just thinking about things in their head.”

“NO EXIT” came out as a new installment movie in 2013 starring Leonardo Dicaprio and Michelle Williams. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hogoxHpcaNg

For more for information about the original play, you can check out the facts about “No Exit.”

UTC Speech Professor Jeannie Hacker-Cerulean said that she hopes that there is a great turnout for the play because she thinks that it is a great opportunity for students to get to know the theater department and see UTC’s talent.

Students are also excited about this psychological thriller of a play. UTC Houston, Texas Senior, Lindsey Carpenter, said “I can’t wait to go check this play out, I saw a movie that was similar with the ‘trapped in Hell’ theme and I think it will be scary!”

“NO EXIT” came out as a new installment movie in 2013 starring Leonardo Dicaprio and Michelle Williams.

 

 

 

 

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Raising Awareness for Gender Bias in STEM Majors

By Andrew Carney

CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. (UTC / The Loop) – UTC students and faculty request higher awareness for gender bias in STEM fields – an understated issue in academia.

A senior computer science major here at UTC, Rachel Frye, raises the issues with gender bias in this field, “I constantly hear how I’m not good enough, how I didn’t really earn my grade…the professor just goes ‘easy on me’. Some of my classmates constantly discredit any female students’ work that earned a good grade, destroying our self-confidence and causing some girls to quit the program.”

Gender bias in STEM fields is not a new issue in academia, but it is one that appears to have not progressed as much as other social issues, nor has it received as much attention as it needs to, to be properly addressed. ToolsforChangeinSTEM.org provides more information and resources to overcome this important academic and social issue.

Women have just as much place in STEM fields as men.

Women have just as much place in STEM fields as men.

Dr. Claire L. McCullough, PE, a professor in the computer science department, encountered gender bias early in her career and recently conducted research to test if gender bias still exists within her field today. Other researchers at top-tier universities have conducted similar research on this burgeoning academic concern.

  • Harvard University created a test known as the “Harvard Implicit Association Test” (IAT), which seeks to discover implied associations between topics. Results from students taking the Gender-Science version of the IAT, highlight the gender bias in STEM fields. The test can be taken at this link after signing up and requesting the Gender-Science IAT.
  • UTC students enrolled in CPSC 3610, “Ethical and Social Issues in Computing”, were asked to take the Gender-Science IAT, and the results are similar to those found by Harvard, which raises concerns over gender bias in our own university.

In her study, Dr. McCullough believes that “simply increasing the number of women entering programs will not be sufficient to affect significant change: in addition, attitudes of male students must be addressed.” Students’ self-confidence in university is a necessity and degradation by their peers is an unnecessary addition to the learning process; one that must be changed for students to thrive academically.

Frye believes that this issue can meet resolution and that it starts within herself. She believes that it is a constant battle and is always trying to prove something. Not to herself, to her professors or friends, but to the world…that gender isn’t a determining factor in someone’s skill in STEM.

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